• What is the McKinney Vento Act? 

    The term “homeless children and youth”—

    1. means individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence...; and

    2. includes —


    i. children and youths who are sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship,

    or a similar reason; are living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camping grounds due to the lack of alternative adequate

    accommodations; are living in emergency or transitional shelters; or are abandoned in hospitals;


    ii. children and youths who have a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private
    place not designed for or ordinarily used as a regular

    sleeping accommodation for human beings...;


    iii. children and youths who are living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings,
    substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings; and


    iv. migratory children who qualify as homeless for the purposes of this subtitle because the
    children are living in circumstances described in clauses (i) through (iii).


    Homeless Assistance Act, reauthorized in 2015 by Title IX, Part A of the Every Student
    Succeeds Act, (42 U.S.C. § 11431 et seq.; hereafter the McKinney-Vento Act) guarantees rights
    and services to remove educational barriers for homeless children and youths. This brief
    explains the Act’s provisions related to the transportation of children and youth experiencing
    homelessness, and suggests strategies for implementation. Briefs on additional homeless
    education topics are available at https:// nche.ed.gov/briefs.php.